PAST, INC. is a cultural resources management and contract archaeology consulting firm. With offices in Los Angeles, California; Boise, Idaho; and Nashville, Tennessee, we provide professional archaeological consulting services throughout the United States. Originally established in 1995 as Pacific Archaeological Sciences Team (P.A.S.T.), the firm was restructured as PAST, INC. in 2003. Overall, PAST, INC. is capable of providing a complete range of archaeological studies from field surveys and inventories to test excavations, data recovery, and excavation monitoring programs as well as the development of complete cultural resource management (CRM) plans, lithic studies, and archival research.

Our firm is also the publisher of Knapper’s Quarterly, a publication for and about the knapper, which is available for purchase on our website at The ancient art of knapping (also commonly referred to as flintknapping) that is still practiced today by many people around the world involves the reduction of lithic materials such flint, chert, obsidian, basalt, quartzite, etc. and other materials such as glass and porcelain to create various tool, knives, bifaces, and projectile points. More recently, there is a growing trend in this endeavor to knap materials into eccentrically-shaped objects of art that are often used in the creation of beautiful and unique jewelry items or display pieces. The publication present a wide range of articles including experimental archaeology and lithic studies, stories about knapping efforts from around the world, etc. as well as profiles of modern knappers. Overall, our goals with this effort is to promote the work of modern knappers and to discourage interest in illicit relic collecting.
For more detailed information about our firm and services, please take a few moments to explore all of the other page on this site, calling our main office in Los Angeles at (818) 349-3353 or by sending us an message by using our contact form or by direct email at

Barbie Rockshelter

Principal Investigator Barbie Getchell measuring a rockshelter in Ventura County, California

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